Remembering the Forgotten King Paracompletion

Paragraph Completion has been a regular feature of CAT papers since 2005. Although, in the last few years this champion of unprecedented times has lost its identity in the sands of time, but it might come back anytime to claim its throne.

Hence, it is better to remain prepared for its retreat. Before we attempt the PC questions, we must try to understand what the questions test. PCs test the candidate’s thought process, his ability to conclude, summarize, continue or keep track of an idea or an argument.
We at FUNDAMAKERS have special power sessions for different areas and topics of the complete CAT syllabus. We also pay attention to the concept clarity of each and every student especially when it comes to VARC, since this section takes a lot of time to show signs of improvement amongst the students. Most of the students underestimate the importance of paracompletion, hence, miss out on getting a good sectional and overall percentile.
Also, one should keep in mind the fact that the preparation for parasummary and paracompletion goes hand in hand. Lose out on one and the other slips off too.
Here are a few excerpts from our regular classes and power sessions for tackling the CAT paracompletion.
Let’s look at the question direction of paracompletion questions. It says: Each of the following questions has a paragraph from which the last sentence has been deleted. From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.
The question asks us to complete the paragraph in the most appropriate way, not in the most logical way. Students preparing for GMAT must have come across similar questions in which the questions ask the test taker to logically complete the passage.
Since what is appropriate is a subjective view, test takers often make a choice based on their intuition, leaving room for uncertainty. Often the accuracy percentage is around 50%.
The last line of a paragraph usually continues a discussion/ description or concludes an argument. In short, there is either continuity or a conclusion
So, what should the last line have and not have? Let’s see:
If the last line is a conclusion, then:
● The last line should bring the paragraph to a smooth end; it should not be abrupt.
● The conclusion should be logically derivable from the premises already stated or from evidence already cited and should reflect the correct line of reasoning.
● The conclusion should focus on the main idea of the passage.
● The conclusion must be relevant to the key issues discussed in the passage.
If the last line is a continuation of an idea, then:
● The last line must not have a new element not at all related to the ideas discussed earlier.
● The last line should have structure and order very similar to the preceding ideas.
● The logical arrangement of the last line should be such that it gives a logical flow to the entire paragraph.
● The idea in the last line should reflect a smooth transition from the idea in the preceding lines.

Above all, the candidate must ensure that the tone of the last line is consistent with the tone of the entire paragraph.
Let’s take a simple example.
The following question has a paragraph from which the last sentence has been deleted. From the given options, choose the sentence that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.
Like many a good philosopher, Socrates (470-399 BCE) was obsessed with truth and the correct way to stumble into it. In fact, in his effort to find the truth, Socrates placed value not just on knowledge, but also on how we know knowledge, and his inquisitive teaching style reflected it. For one thing, Socrates never lectured. Instead, he asked questions on top of questions (a teaching method still used to this day). The more his students answered, the more they knew or, more accurately, learned what they didn’t know.

Options:
1. As a master philosopher, Socrates’ greatest rhetorical tool was irony.
2. Unfortunately for Socrates, endless questioning was also extremely annoying, and the barefoot philosopher’s inquisitiveness made him powerful enemies.
3. For example, when you ask yourself, ‘Do I hate my job because I’m awful at it, or am I awful at my job because I hate it?’ you’re being Socratic in your search.
4. Such methods of learning were rare in the ancient world, and consequently, Socrates was hailed as a genius by his students.

E

xplanation
Option [1] provides additional information about Socrates’ credentials, but it breaks the flow of the passage in which the emphasis is on Socrates’ teaching methodology.
Option [2] contradicts the tone of the passage, which shows Socrates in a positive light.
Option [3] is the best option, because the last two sentences of the paragraph emphasize the validity of the questioning aspect of learning, and an example of a questioning session as described in option [3] would be the best choice to follow them.
Option [4] reveals to us that his students greatly appreciated Socrates’ unique method of teaching and learning, but it does not connect effectively with the last sentence of the given paragraph.
Hence,option [3] is the correct answer choice.
That is all for today! All the best! Incase of any query, kindly get in touch with team FUNDAMAKERS, the contact information is available on our website.